The decisions that funders make and the intentions behind funding calls have a major impact on how interdisciplinary research is shaped, the extent of integration, and ultimately its effectiveness.  Additional incentives, support for interdisciplinary research leadership, administrative flexibility, and a partnership approach between funders and researchers are all required.

Resources
Co-design funding calls
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This SHAPE-ID policy brief provides advice and short case studies regarding the design of funding calls and the importance of the language used in them in order to make them more inclusive and accessible to different disciplines.

 

In this SHAPE-ID webinar representatives of funding agencies from different European countries discuss their challenges and efforts to develop funding programmes with AHSS involvement in inter- and transdisciplinary research.

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In this i2S blog, a group of Swiss transdisciplinary researchers and funding-agency staff outline 10 key stages in the funding of transformative research. They highlight ways in which  funding programmes can better support such research.

Understand the influence of funding on the outcomes of ID/TD
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In this Short Guide for Funders of Interdisciplinary Research, the authors summarise how some of the decisions that funders make can impact how interdisciplinary research is shaped, the extent of integration, and ultimately its effectiveness.

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In this related Open Access article, the same authors further discuss the role of funding agencies in creating interdisciplinary knowledge and suggest five key success factors for interdisciplinary programmes.

 

Support AHSS disciplines in ID/TD funding processes
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SHAPE-ID has produced a short list of reflective questions for institutions funding collaborative research, informed by project findings on good practice in supporting AHSS participation.

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And SHAPE-ID partner Catherine Lyall has provided her Top Ten Tips for those developing inter- and transdisciplinary research funding programmes

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Funding agencies can support integrative research involving AHSS disciplines by giving further consideration to certain processes such as the framing of funding calls as outlined in this SHAPE-ID policy brief.

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Case study 7.2 on p. 148 of the Open Access book Interdisciplinary Research Journeys illustrates how one national funder has sought to model good practice.

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Chapter 6 of the US National Academies’ Open Access book Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research deals with the question of how funding organisations can facilitate interdisciplinary research.

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We also discussed this topic at the second SHAPE-ID Learning Case Workshop. Read the Edinburgh Workshop Report (Section 3.1) in our report on the full workshop series.

 

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SHAPE-ID has collaborated with the Irish Research Council to develop a case study on their funding supports for inter- and transdisciplinary research capacity building and AHSS leadership in ID/TD research.

Identify relevant funding sources

Most research performing organisations will have their own experts to advise staff on how and where to apply for external research funds.  In this section, we give a broad overview of the many types of funding schemes open to inter- and transdisciplinary researchers rather than highlight individual funding programmes.

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The European Union is one of many research funders in Europe and this graphic from the Royal Society of London illustrates other potential sources such as charities and business.

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To understand more about European Union funding you may wish to follow up with your National Contact Point (NCP).

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This section from the National Academies’ open access book Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science gives a US perspective on sources of funding for collaborative research.

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Net4Society, the international network of National Contact Points for the Societal Challenge 6 (“Europe in a changing world: inclusive, innovative and reflective societies”) in Horizon 2020, regularly publishes guides to opportunities for Social Sciences and Humanities integration in collaborative European framework programmes.

Budget for ID/TD processes
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In this podcast (runtime 39 min) Alice McClure from University of Cape Town’s Climate System Analysis Group discusses budget issues including common mistakes and some tips on writing a budget narrative.

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A short written summary from the above podcast is also available.